What is IP Address? | MAC Address | Network Address

IP Address if divided into two sections, IP and Address, can be explained.

IP Address | How to Configure your Router?

IP stands for ‘Internet Protocol’ and the address part is the unique number that is linked to the online systems and tasks. These tasks on the systems happen in a fraction of seconds. It looks like no time is consumed.

IP Address cana also helps us in setting up our Internet connection, you can read the proper steps for router setup or 192.168.0.1 router login guide from this page.

In simple terms, IP Address is a network address for your device. This address is used to link your activities. Some of the examples are sending emails, shopping online, and carrying out transactions. So, when you send a mail to another person, it connects to the IP of the user’s system, and then the mail gets transferred. Every website has a unique IP Address. Connecting to the devices without IP Address is next to impossible.

You can also check your IP Address by searching “My IP Address” in google or you can visit this site for searching your IP Address quickly.

IP Address

Dynamic IP and Static IP

The IP Address provided to the user by the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) is of two types. One is Dynamic IP and the other is Static IP.

1. Dynamic IP

A Dynamic IP Address as the name suggests is something that keeps changing. The ISP lets you use this IP Address temporarily. When the IP Address is not in use it will automatically get assigned to another device. There is always an IP Address change. The Dynamic Ip is assigned either by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) or through Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE).

2. Static IP

A Static IP Address is fixed and always remains the same. It is provided at the time of installation. You can get a Static IP from your ISP. A Static Ip is usually expensive and hence users prefer a Dynamic IP. Some of the ISPs also do not provide Static IP.

FAQ’s Related to IP Address

1. What is port Forwarding?

Port forwarding also known as port mapping is a part of the network address translation (NAT). this technique of port forwarding allows certain remote computers to connect to the local computers within a private local area network (LAN).

It helps run an HTTP server within a private Local Area Network (LAN). It also allows one to run a publicly available game with a private LAN. Port forwarding is also known as tunneling. This process is carried at the back end. It can also act as an intermediate hardware device like a router or a firewall.

2. What is DHCP?

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol or the popularly known DHCP is a protocol required for simplifying the accuracy of IP Addressing. The main role is to ensure proper joining of network systems and also their correct configuration. This protocol automatically assigns an IP Address to the host device so that communication with endpoints takes place smoothly and efficiently.

DHCP is known to simplify and improve the IP management system. No two devices can have the same IP. This is taken care of by the DHCP. Looking after this system manually is a tedious process. DHCP fastens this process many folds. DHCP reservation is a permanent IP address assignment.

3. What is MAC cloning and MAC Address?

192.168.0.1

MAC Address stands for Media Access Control Address. This Access Control Address indicates the hardware identifying number. MAC Addresses are unique. They are also an identification feature for the IP Addresses.

If you ever have a look at the MAC Address, what you will notice is that it is nothing like an IP Address. The MAC Address has six sets of two characters or digits each and it is usually separated by colons. 

Moving on to MAC Cloning, setting the MAC Address of your device or any other device or computer is called MAC Cloning. MAC Cloning is used to fix connectivity issues in the functioning of the hardware or the software components.

4. What is SSID?

The full form of SSID is Service Set Identifier. It is the name of your network. When you try to get access to your Wi-Fi connection through your device, PC, or your phone, you will get to see a list of SSIDs or the Service Set Identifiers.

SSID can have a length of 32 characters. This is the maximum size. However, there is no limit on the minimum size that can be accommodated. A typical SSID would be created or established by combing the name of the company or the brand with some relevant or irrelevant numbers. The numbers are randomly quoted. One example is the netgear37. 

5. What is DNS?

The full form of the abbreviation of DNS is Domain Name System. DNS is a system that resolves the names of all internet sites. One good point is that it helps the system be more efficient and secure at the same time.

The main task DNS performs is to match the names with the numbers. The numbers, in this case, are the IP Addresses. You may not know that you use this Domain Name System in your daily browsing. When you check your mails or randomly browse through the internet or social media sites. At a point, there were more than 332 million domain names listed and recorded. It is distributed evenly across the entire world.

6. What is Network Address and Host Address?

An Internet Address consists of two sections or components. The first is the Network Address and the second one is the Host Address.

The Network Address helps one to find the subnet in which the device or the PC is located. A subnet is a large computer network divided into smaller groups. Each section of the smaller groups is known as a subnet.

The Host Address is used to find the device or the PC in the subnet. So, the Address finds the location whereas the host finds the device. This is what an IP Address comprises of.